‘Fifth’ Disease (Erythema Infectiosum)
Fifth disease is developed due to the infection with Parvovirus B19. The incubation period is two weeks between being exposed to the infection and showing symptoms. The child will sometimes initially develop mild flu-like symptoms and then will eventually have red specks on the cheeks and later spreading on to the thighs, arms and buttocks. The specks are often blurred, which appears as if the child has been slapped, this is why fifth diseaseis often known as ‘slapped cheek’ syndrome. It is mostly seen in children between the ages of 4 and 12 and it can last up to 14 days.
It cannot be treated, but disappears by itself. It is usually quite a mild illness.Once the rash appears, the disease is no longer infectious.
Three-Day-Fever (Roseola Infantum)
A child withthree-day-feverhas a high fever for three days, which then drops and the child develops a rash consisting of reddish-pale spots, with small heads. It affects the body and spreads to the arms and legs, lasting for about 12-14 hours and then it is over. It is mostly seen in children under the age of three years.
The symptoms start to show up between 10 to 15 days from being exposed to the infection. And when you do observe the symptoms, then undress the child to ensure they aren’t too warm. The child is given fever reducing medication (such as Calpol, Tylenol, or Motrin) to control their temperature and plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration.
Scarlet Fever is caused by a strain of streptococcus bacterium and is caught through droplet infection from the coughs and sneezes of an infected individual. A child might suffer from a sore throat, slight to moderate fever and a flushed face. The torso and neck gets slightly rough to the touch and pink-red in color due to the spreading out of the specific rash, which is often located in their armpits or groin. The child’s skin peels and they get a grainy, pink tongue.
Three to eight days between being exposed to the infection and showing symptoms. Scarlet fever is contagious for the first few days. Antibiotics are given to treat scarlet fever.
And the list is a long one, with flu, cold, diarrhea and many other health concerns related to children. As parents, you need to be vigilant towards the symptoms and signs of all the diseases which exist around you and you should know how to tackle the given disease. It is really helpful to stay in contact with a medical clinic or your child’s pediatrician which you can immediately go over to or call.
Zyana Morris is a blogger who usually writes about health related topics. She also writes for different health related brands.