In tropical zones, it can be grown as a perennial, where it will grow best when anchored in an organically rich loam. Floodplains are the setting for the storage of vast quantities of sediment and carbon This includes a number of lakes which are closed The giant water lily habitat is highly specialized, although the plant’s status remains unthreatened. The rhizome and the seeds, rich in starch, are edible and are, at times, consumed by the native populations. It is classified under the genus of Victoria and the family of Nymphaeaceae, the species found its first description published in October 1837 by John Lindley. The plants that are grown in containers are placed into the still waters in their containers. Apparently, each pool has a , An earlier account of the species, Euryale amazonica by Eduard Friedrich Poeppig, in 1832 described an affinity with Euryale ferox. The high temperature inside the flower, which may be even 10 °C higher than the environmental one, the colour of the petals, the smell and the abundant sugary substance present, ensure that the pollinator remains long time inside the flower, thus remaining trapped when, by the end of the first night, the flower closes. The seeds are also used as food when roasted. At low water, the várzea has within it many lakes, and is traversed anastomosing large and small channels - paranas and furos, 1837.  The first published description of the genus was by John Lindley in October 1837, based on specimens of this plant returned from British Guiana by Robert Schomburgk. The flowers are nocturnal, of 20-35 cm of diameter, solitary over the surface of the water, on a thorny peduncle also equipped with channels where air is present, have 4 brown sepals covered by thorns, 50 and more petals and up to about 200 stamina; the petals are cream white during the first night, pink on the second, then they finally close carrying the forming fruit to the bottom where it continues its ripening, for emerging again when completely ripe. The Victoria amazonica (Poepp.) Its leaves are rounded and upturned. J.C. Sowerby (1850) is a perennial, freshwater, rhizomatose, herbaceous plant with the rhizome rooted into the bottom sediment. The lily, with ribbed undersurface and leaves veining "like transverse girders and supports", was Paxton's inspiration for The Crystal Palace, a building four times the size of St. Peter's in Rome. It is the largest member of the water lily family. eventually to produce 5 to 10 leaves a month 1.5 m to 2 m in diameter. The leaves are flat, peltate (with the petiole inserted almost at the centre of the lamina), with the margin raised at a right angle for a height of 5-15 cm, but two opposite slits for the outflow of the water; the raised edge hinders their overlapping, as often happens for the water lilies, allowing the leaves to present the same area to the photosynthesis.  Despite this spelling being adopted by the Botanical Society of London for their new emblem, Lindley's was the version used throughout the nineteenth century. Under the surface, the leaves are red and have sharp spines that defend the plant from herbivorous fish. Victoria amazonica is the world’s largest water lily and among the largest in the Nymphaeaceae family. Follow, If you are a nature enthusiast, if you care about our amazing planet and want to be part of our cause. Moreover, V. regia appears to grow not from the deepest water areas but from slightly shallower sites about 3 or 4 © MONACO NATURE ENCYCLOPEDIA | All rights reserved. Victoria amazonica is the world’s largest water lily and among the largest in the Nymphaeaceae family. meters about lowest water, or about 6 meters below highest water. It is the largest waterlily in the world. Height: The petioles can grow up to 8 meters (27 feet) tall. Acta Amazonica 5 (2): 109-139. Isonym of This page is a treehouse that is attached to a branch of the Tree of Life. It grows best in quiet water as the backwaters of large rivers. This species is the national flower of the Republic of Guyana and appears on the country’s coat of arms. Seeds that fall in lakes are eaten by fish. The Amazon River has one of the most intact natural floodplains of any large Fieldwork is designed to map the floodplain and to characterize springs, seeps, and groundwater fed ponds with the goal of developing a A perfect example is the Amazon water lily (Victoria amazonica), which has adjusted its annual life cycle to the rise and fall of the rivers by growing rhizomes and new leaves from seeds, flowering at high water, fruiting as the water recedes, and surviving low water levels as seeds—each one surrounded by an impervious seed coat that protects against desiccation. Quite amazingly to some people, both were named in honor of the late Queen Victoria, of England, in the year 1837. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Night-blooming and very free-flowering. The leaves start as pointy heads that expand so fast up to 5 square feet each day. It almost exclusively reproduces by seed, rarely by division, which is to be constantly kept humid, or in water, till its planting, in order not to lose its germination capability. groundwater and ecology became obvious, pointing to an incredible need to understand groundwater hydrology of the Amazon várzea. On the upper page the leaf is smooth, water repellent and of an intense green colour, below, it’s violaceous purple and is equipped of protruding and robust nervations, which radiate from the insertion of the petiole, where are present cavities full of air, which allow its floating and keep it flat, rigid and capable to support the weight of some tens of kilos, is uniformly distributed; the lower surface of the leaf is equipped, also in the outer part of the raised edge, of sharp thorns. A giant among waterlilies, Victoria amazonica is a truly magnificent plant with a fascinating life cycle.Native to tropical South America, V. amazonica is … Victoria amazonica Facts The descriptive term of Victoria amazonica represents the scientific name of a beautiful and truly impressive flowering plant. There are sharp spines on stems and underside of leaves. → To appreciate the biodiversity within NYMPHAEACEAE family please click here. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to The giant water lily dies in autumn due to lack of light. Climate change in the Amazon basin and destruction of the rainforest may pose a threat to the Amazon water-lily. Places that river in the world. (5) The life cycle of the giant Amazon water lily: . Lindley named the genus after the newly ascended Queen Victoria, and the species Victoria regia. The plant is native to South America (Bolivia, Brazil and Guyana), where it grows at the margins of the rivers, in low, calm or slow, waters. It is supported by a ribbed underside and anchored to a submerged stalk, with the leaf floating on the water surface. This species is the national flower of the Republic of Guyana and appears on the country’s coat of arms. White female flowers on day one turn into pink male flowers on day two, pollinated by several species of beetle. 9 to 12 inch flowers are creamy-white the first day, become pink to purple the second and possible third days. It is suitable for large water gardens only and grown as an annual in NC without winter protection. Description. The physically amazing flora further forms a member of the magnificent Nymphaeaceae Family, in scientific classification. Victoria amazonica (Giant Waterlily, Victoria Water Lily, Royal Water Lily) [previously Victoria regia] Deciduous: no Hardiness Zones: 10-11 (Temperatures below 75 degrees Fahrenheit (24 Celsius) will harm these; water tempature should be 80 degrees Fahrenheit (27 Celsius) or warmer while growing.) A collection and description was also made by the French botanist Aimé Bonpland in 1825. When it was first discovered in Bolivia in 1801, the Victoria lily was called Eurgale Amazonica. Though not currently considered to be threatened, experts also believe that the rapid deforestationof the region may soon threaten the species. respectively. The stalks can be up to 26 feet long and in nature will embed themselves in the lake or river bottom. The Victoria amazonica has very large leaves, up to 3 m (10 ft) in diameter, that float on the water's surface on a submerged stalk, 7–8 m (23–26 ft) in length. The design of Joseph Paxton’s Crystal Palace in 1851 came from the leaves of the plant. to commercial fishing and several tracts of forest. The following day, at dusk, the stigma is not any more receptive whilst the ripe pollen is released; the flower, at this stage, is not any more appetible for the pollinator, due to the colour of the petals, turned to pink, the absence of heat and of nourishment, and, as soon as the flower opens, it flies away, covered by pollen, towards another flower which has just opened its white petals and pollinates the same.